Most times we wonder if truly as citizens of Nigeria if we have legal right? the answer is not far fetched because it is absolutely in the affirmative, YES WE DO.
The 1999 Nigerian constitution as amended specifically provides us with our fundamental human rights as enshrined in Chapter 4.this rights are basic and is meant to be observed stricto sensu. these are the provisions in summary.
- Every person has a right to life.
- Every individual is entitled to respect for the dignity of his person.
- Every person shall be entitled to his personal liberty.
- In the determination of his civil rights and obligations, including any question or determination by or against any government or authority, a person shall be entitled to a fair hearing within a reasonable time by a court or other tribunal established by law and constituted in such manner as to secure its independence and impartiality.
- Every person who is charged with a criminal offence shall be presumed to be innocent until he is proved guilty.
- Every person shall be entitled to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom (either alone or in community with others, and in public or in private) to manifest and propagate his religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice and observance.
- Every person shall be entitled to freedom of expression, including freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart ideas and information without interference.
- Every citizen of Nigeria is entitled to move freely throughout Nigeria and to reside in any part thereof, and no citizen of Nigeria shall be expelled from Nigeria or refused ent ry thereby or exit therefrom.
- Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, every citizen of Nigeria shall have the right to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria.
- No moveable property or any interest in an immovable property shall be taken possession of compulsorily and no right over or interest in any such property shall be acquired compulsorily in any part of Nigeria except in the manner and for the purposes prescribed by a law.
This is absolutely the law that governs me and you and the constitution is made available to all citizenry to ensure the least, that you know your rights, not forgetting to state that there are exceptions to the above rights stated.
Everyday in this our dear Country Nigeria, we get to see violation of this rights in one way or the other lets quickly look at these scenarios.
1. While exiting the mall you unknowingly touched someone, the next thing that visits you is a very painful slap on your face.
2. You come back from work and hear that your neighbours daughter who is just (3)three years of age has been sexually molested(raped).
3. Owing to a little quarrel between a husband and wife over his wife's jovial nature to their male neighbour, the husband decides to lock up the wife in the house everyday while going to work and release her when he is back, when he is sure he has his eyes on his the wife and the neighbour.
4. Being a lover of news,you bought a newspaper and on seeing the recent updates in the country, with your church mind you said a few things at the newspaper stand, and just after that, you get beaten up badly for airing your view from the fans of the person you criticised.
All this scenarios constitute some form of violation of our human right in one way or the other .This latin maxim says "UBI JUS UBI REMEDIUM" meaning "WHERE THERE IS A RIGHT THERE IS A REMEDY". Dont feel laid back if your right is violated because
- you are not well placed in the society
- or no one will come to your aid. Your ability to speak up will afford you the necessary remedy that you require.Some of these unfortunate scenes can be resolved amicable one on one ie the minor ones, through alternative dispute resolution, or the court which is usually the last resort.
Please feel free to let me know some of the instances you feel constitute a violation,make suggestions, all we want is a country that has less violations and we can achieve peaceful co-existence.
If you have any legal issues that needs assistance or any area of law that you would like me to talk on for your interest and others,please do not hesitate to contact me,as you will be getting a quick response and solution.kindly send me a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
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